What are the most common brick sizes?
Most face brick have holes to help the units fire properly, promote bonding with mortar, reduce overall
weight, and make them easier to handle. Solid brick are used where holes may be unsightly, for
example, in steps or window sills. Pine Hall Brick manufactures brick in the following sizes:
Modular - 3 1/2"W x 7 5/8"L x 2 1/4"H
Oversize -3 1/2"W x 7 5/8"L x 2 3/4"H
Queen - 2 3/4"W x 7 5/8"L x 2 3/4"H
There are 7 modular brick per square foot and 5.8 oversize and queen brick per square foot.
The surface texture of brick is very important to its overall appearance. Identically colored brick can look
dramatically different simply by adding texture. There are a variety of textures available including
wirecut and torn face (rough texture). Texture can also be created by applying coatings, machine made
impressions, or other mechanical treatments.
The distressed and uneven textures frequently seen in handmade and wood mold brick can be simulated
at a less expensive price by mechanical treatments. Mechanically treated extruded brick sometimes
known as "tumbled brick" may have superior structural properties when compared to handmade and
wood mold brick.
What are “Authentic Tumbled” and “Rumbled Brick”?
Tumbled Brick are brick that are tumbled down a ramp prior to the firing process that gives the brick a
“no-two-are-the-same” handmade look with the properties and color selection of today. Rumbled Brick
are brick that are tumbled down a ramp after the firing process that gives the brick a weathered old
world look with the properties and color selection of today.
Made with a special deep texture, this brick features a mixture of color blending so that each brick looks
a little different than the brick next to it just like brick fired a thousand years ago. This process makes it
easy to blend with other home exterior products for just the look you’re after.
The color of brick is determined by the raw materials it contains and the method used to fire it. Additives
blended into the clay mixture can create color completely through the brick body. Sand coatings,
ceramic slurries and other additives can be applied to the face of the brick to create different surface
colors. Changing the firing temperature will also produce different shades of color from the same raw
materials. Flashing is one method of firing brick which burns some of the brick darker. These flashed
brick add color range and highlights to many styles of brick.
Mortar represents approximately 20 percent of the total surface of a wall, so picking the right mortar
color is very important to the overall look of your home. Different mortar types and specifications are
required for various applications and climates. The most common is called type S and is naturally gray in
color. Mortar can be tinted to blend or to contrast with the brick color. It is important to keep mortar
mixing and tooling practices uniform, especially when using colored mortar. A slight variation in mortar
color can have a dramatic effect on the appearance of a finished wall.
Pine Hall Brick or your brick distributor typically stocks a variety of colored mortars for you to choose
from. Your salesperson can discuss the mortar colors that look best with your brick color. Also, sand
color will affect the finished look of your mortar color. Lighter color sands are generally recommended
for lighter colored mortars. Inquire about the common sand colors in your area.
The mortar joint is also an important factor in the appearance and functionality of the wall. "Tooling" the
joints help seal the wall surface against moisture penetration. The concave, vee, and grapevine joints are
best for exterior construction. These joint types compress the mortar at the surface and are the most
weatherproof. Other joints are acceptable for interior use.
Mother Nature did not make soil and clay consistently one color. When manufacturers mine raw
materials, the clay and shale composition will change slightly as the mining location shifts. This subtle
change creates a color variation each time the clay is fired and helps give brick its warmth and character.
So, every run of brick (any color) varies somewhat from the last run and can vary dramatically over a
period of years. Plus, brick will weather in the wall and as a result it is impossible to accomplish a perfect
match when adding onto an existing building, but we can generally get close. Consult Pine Hall Brick or
your brick distributor for help in matching your existing brick.
Samples are supplied as a general representation of the brick to be furnished. The wide variety of colors
and texture inherent in the manufacturing of brick cannot be fully represented in the size of the sample.
A best representation of a brick color is to view a recently built brick home with your selected brick.
Remember, Mother Nature did not make soil and clay consistently one color. When manufacturers mine
raw materials, the clay and shale composition will change slightly as the mining location shifts. This
subtle change creates a color variation each time the clay is fired and helps give brick its warmth and
character. So, every run of brick (any color) varies somewhat from the last run and can vary dramatically
over a period of years.
Delivery to your job site depends on the availability of the brick and of the delivery
equipment. Normally when a brick is in stock, delivery to your job site should be within one to three
working days. But, in times of heavy demand, brick availability can be as much as weeks or months. It’s
best to order your brick with as much lead time as possible.
Pine Hall Brick does not pick up or accept brick/pavers for return once they have been delivered. When
exceptions are made, any products returned will be subject to a pallet/cube restocking charge. No
brick/pavers can be returned in less than full pallet/cube packages. If buying from a distributor, check
their return policy for details.
It is important that you inspect the brick delivered to your job site. A field panel erected of 50 brick with
your selected mortar is the best way to see what your brick will look like. An alternative is to lay a dry
stack panel without mortar (pavers, too). Brick is a natural product with small variations from run-to-run
so expect your brick to have its own unique look from samples seen in the past. Remember, once brick is
place in service, use constitutes acceptance in all cases.
1. Remove all excess masonry particles with a masonry tool or fiber brush;
2. Use plenty of water and thoroughly soak the wall;
3. Use the recommended cleaning product and carefully follow directions;
4. Rinse the wall thoroughly with water. Some brick cannot be wet cleaned. Check the brick tag or with
the brick manufacturer for any special instructions before you begin cleaning.
Allowance - $ Amount per thousand for brick allowed for in house estimate
Bullnose - Brick with one rounded end
Cement - The adhesive ingredient in mortar
Course - Horizontal row of bricks
Cube - Typical brick package; bricks stacked on one another bound by steel or plastic bands
Full Head & Bed Joint - Mortar joints filled from front to back
Joint - Gap between brick in wall, typically 3/8" wide and filled with mortar
Jointing - Process of sealing mortar joints while the mortar is thumb print hard
Mason Sand - Fine granular sand with round particles used in mortar
Splits - Half high brick used to balance courses in a wall
Soldier Course - Row of bricks stood on end with its long face perpendicular to wall’s length
Stretcher - Brick laid with its long face parallel to a wall's length
Wall Flashing - Flexible material used to direct water to weep holes
Wall Ties - Metal strips placed into mortar joint and attached to wall
Weep Hole - Open vertical joint between bricks allowing water to drain from behind wall